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London Magazine March 1777 James Aitken alias "John the Painter"
image in London Magazine March 1777



Gazetter of U. S. 1789 Gazetter of United States, No. LXX, Saturday 12 December 1789
article Silas Deane Report of Silas Deane and Brussels and collection of L70 for passage on ship to America.
Abernathy, T. P.
American Historical Association 1934 April "Commercial Activities of Silas Deane in France," American Historical Review Vol. 39, No. 3

diplomacy, commercial affairs
Aldridge, Alfred Owen
Philadelphia Historical Society of Pennsylvania 1961 "Thomas Paine and Comus" in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 85 no. 1 (pp.70-75)
journal article Silas Deane, Thomas Paine Discussion of Thomas Paine's (pseudonym "Comus") newspaper attacks on Silas Deane and others.
Anderson, Dennis Kent and Anderson, Godfrey T.
New England Quarterly 1984 The Death of Silas Deane: Another Opinion" in New England Quarterly New England Quarterly 57 (1984) pp. 98-105
Silas Deane Authors reconsider their earlier article "Edward Bancroft, M.D., F.R.S., Aberrant 'Practioner of Physick'" in Medical History (1973) vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 356-367 and consider possibility that Deane died of natural causes perhaps caused by tuberculosis.
Anderson, Godfrey T. and Anderson, Dennis Kent
Great Briatain: Medical History 1973 "Edward Bancroft, M.D., F.R.S., Aberrant 'Practioner of Physick.'" in Medical History (Great Britain) 1973, vol. 17, no. 4 (pp. 356-357)
journal article Edward Bancroft, Silas Deane, espionage Although in this article the authors discuss the possiblility that Bancroft was responsible for Deane's death, see also their later article "The Death of Silas Deane: Another Opinion, " in New England Quarterly (1984) v. 57, no. 1, pp. 98-105 of a reconsideration of this subject.
Andrews, C. M.
New Haven: Yale University 1928 April "A Note on the Franklin-Deane Mission to France, " Yale University Library Gazette vol. II, no. 4, pp. 53-68

diplomacy, Silas Deane, Benjamin Franklin
Bemis, Samuel Flagg
American Historical Association April 1924 "The British Secret Service and the French-American Alliance," American Historical Review, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 474-495



Bill, Shirley A. and Gottschalk, Louis
Prologue IV (Winter 1972), pp. 219-223 1972 "Silas Deane's Worthless Agreement with Lafayette" Prologue IV (Winter 1972) pp. 219-223.
Silas Deane, Lafayette Also reprinted in Prologue Special Issue, vol. 26, 1994, pp. 18-22.
Bloom, Richard
American History Illustrated November 1978 "Silas Deane: Patriot or Renegade?" in American History Illustrated November 1978 (pp. 32-42)
article Silas Deane, American Revolution, diplomacy Analysis of Deane's actions, the charges against him. The Author explores both sides of the issue but concludes that Deane's service in procuring needed supplies was invaluable.
Boyd, Julian P.
William & Mary Quarterly April 1959 "Silas Deane: Death by a Kindly Teacher of Treason", Part I. William & Mary Quarterly, XVI, 3rd series, April 1959, pp. 165-187

Silas Deane, Diplomacy, Espionage First of three parts. Source of much of negative characterization and conspiracy theories regarding Deane.
Boyd, Julian P.
William & Mary Quarterly July 1959 "Silas Deane: Death by a Kindly Teacher of Treason," Part II. William & Mary Quarterly, XVI, 3rd series, July 1959, pp. 319-342

Silas Deane, Diplomacy, Espionage. Second of three article. Source of much of negative characterization and conspiracy theories regarding Deane.
Boyd, Julian P.
William & Mary Quarterly October 1959 "Silas Deane: Death by a Kindly Teacher of Treason" Part III, William & Mary Quarterly, XVI, 3rd Series, pp. 515-550

Silas Deane, Diplomacy, Espionage Third of three article. Source of much of negative characterization and conspiracy theories regarding Deane.
Burnett, Edmund Cody
American Historical Review 1917 "Ciphers of the Revolutionary Period"

Espionage
Clark, William Bell
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 1939 "John the Painter, "Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 63 (1939), pp. 1-23



Collier, Christopher
Hartford: Connecticut Historical Society Museum 1964 January "Silas Deane Reports on the Continental Congress: A Diary Fragment: October 1-6, 1774" in Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin, vol. 29, no. 1 (pp. 1-8)
journal article Silas Deane, Continental Congress
Corwin, E. S.
American Historical Association 1915 "The French Objective in the American Revolution," American Historical Review XXI

American Revolution, France, diplomacy
Destler, Chester McArthur
Connecticut Historical Society Museum 1970 "Barnabas Deane and the Barnabas Deane and Company" Connecticut Historical Society Museum bulletin, 35, No. 1 (January 1970), pp.7-19
Commerical Activities
Ferguson, E. James and Nuxoll, Elizabeth Miles
Congressional Studies 1981 "The Investigation of Government Corruption During the American Revolution" in Congressional Studies, vol. 8, no. 2, 1981 (pp. 13-35).
journal article Silas Deane, Arthur Lee, American Revolution, political corruption Discussion of political corruption with specific mention of Silas Deane, Arthur Lee, Robert Morris and others.
Fiske, John
Atlantic Monthly 1889 "The French Alliance and the Conway Cabal" in Atlantic Monthly Atlantic Monthly LXIV (1889), pp. 220-239


Fraser III, John A.
Virginia Journal of Law and Technology, University of Virginia 1997 "The Use of Encrypted Coded and Secret Communications is an 'Ancient Liberty' Protected by the United States Constitution" in Virginia Journal of Law and Technology Virginia Journal of Law and Technology, Fall 1997
Espionage Passing mention regarding secret communications decoded by British and invisible ink communications. Available online at
http:// www.vjolt.net/vol2/issue
Fraser III, John A.
University of Virginia, 2 Virginia Journal of Law and Technology 2 (Fall 1997) 1997 "The Use of Encrypted, Coded & Secret Communications is an 'Ancient Liberty' Protected by the United States Constitution" http://vjolt.net.vol2/issue journal article (online version) espionage Brief overview of codes and communication including prior to and during the War of Independence.
Gerlach, Larry R.
Hartford: Connecticut Historical Society-Museum July, 1966 "Firmness and Prudence: Connecticut, the Continental Congress, and the National Domain, 1776-1786" in The Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin, vol. 31, no. 3, pp.65-75

Continental Congress One of a series of three articles
Gerlach, Larry R.
Hartford: Connecticut Historical Society Museum April, 1967 " A Delegation of Steady Habits: the Connecticut Representatives to the Continental Congress, 1774-1789" in The Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 33-39

Continental Congress This is the second of three articles by Larry Gerlach.
Goldstein, Kalman
Phi Alpha Theta History Honor Society 1980 "Silas Deane: Preparation for Rascality" in Historian, vol. 43, no. 1, 1980 (pp. 75-97)
journal article Silas Deane Discussion of the ways in which Silas Deane's early career foreshadowed his conduct as a diplomat. Critical of Deane.
Grant, Ellsworth
Hartford, Connecticut: The Hartford Courant June 27, 1976 "They Gave Us Liberty": Silas Deane
newspaper article (The Hartford Courant) Silas Deane
Hausmann, Albert
Yankee Magazine July 1975 "Doctor of Duplicity" in Yankee Magazine July 1975 (pp. 78-87)

Silas Deane, Edward Bancroft, diplomacy Regards Deane as a traitor.
Hayden, Ralston
The Magazine of American History 1913 "The Apostasy of Silas Deane" The Magazine of History, Vol XVI, March 1913, pp. 95-103
Silas Deane
Hendrick, Burton J.
Atlantic Monthly 1935 "America's First Ambassador" in Atlantic Monthly Atlantic Monthly, XLVI (August 1935), pp. 137-148
Diplomacy
Hendrick, Burton J.
Atlantic Monthly 1935 "Worse Than Arnold" in Atlantic Monthly Atlantic Monthly CLVI (October 1935) pp. 385-395


Hoadley, Charles J.
Philadelphia Historical Society of Pennsylvania 1877 "Silas Deane" in The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 1, no. 1
journal article Silas Deane, American Revolution, diplomacy
Meng, John J.
American Historical Review 1938 "A Footnote to Secret Aid" American Historical Review, XLII (1938)
Diplomacy
Morris, Richard B.
Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 10, No. 57, July, 1862
"An Effort of Genius" A Tale for the American Bicentennial



Pogue, Dennis
American History. A Primedia Publication February 2004 "George Washington as Slave Master." American History, February 2004, pp. 53-61.

George Washington, slavery
Rakove, Jack N.
Chicago: Loyola University Press 1978 "French Diplomacy and American Politics: The First Crisis, 1779," in Mid-America, vol. 60, 1978 (pp. 27-35)
journal article Diplomacy, France, Continental Congress, Silas Deane, Arthur Lee Discussion of early struggles in the Continental Congress in shaping foreign policy.
Redford, Phyllis H.
Sturbridge, MA: The New England Galaxy 1972 "The Troubles of Silas Deane" in New England Galaxy, vol. 13, no. 3, 1972 (pp. 12-20)

Silas Deane, diplomacy, France Focuses on Silas Deane as a diplomat.
Stephanson, Orlando W.
American Historical Association January 1925 "The Supply of Gunpowder in 1776," American Historical Review Vol. XXX, No. 2 January 1925, pp. 271-281

military, diplomacy
Stille, Charles J.
Philadelphia Historical Society of Pennsylvania 1887 "Beaumarchais and the Lost Million" in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, XI Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, XI (1887), pp. 1-36.


Stinchcombe, William
William & Mary Quarterly 1975 "A Note on Silas Deane's Death" in William & Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, 32 (1975) William & Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, 32 (1975), pp. 619-624.
Silas Deane
Trumbull, J. Hammond
Magazine of American History 1884 "A Business Firm in the Revolution: Barnabas Deane and Company" in Magazine of American History, XII (1884) Magazine of American History, XII (1884), pp. 17-28.
Commercial Activities
Van Tyne, C. H.
American Historical Review 1925 "French Aid Before the Alliance of 1778" American Historical Review, XXXI (1925), pp. 20-41
Diplomacy
Van Tyne, C. H.
American Historical Review 1916 "Influences which Determined the French Government to Make the Treaty with America, 1778" American Historical Review, XXI (1916), pp. 528-541
Diplomacy
Van Tyne, C. H.
American Historical Review October, 1913 "Influence of the Clergy, and of Religious and Sectarian Forces, on the American Revolution" the American Historical Review, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 44-64 imprint (article)

Weber, Ralph E. with an introduction by David W. Gaddy
Washington, D. C.: Center for Cryptologic History, National Security Agency


Masked Dispatches codes introduction by David W. Gaddy speaks of Deane
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